Houjicha is different from other Japanese green teas in that it is roasted in a porcelain pot over charcoal at a high temperature, instead of steamed like the rest. The roasting reduces the caffeine and the catechins in the tea, which makes it less bitter.
The vegetative tones of standard green teas are replaced with a toasty, slightly caramel-like flavor. Due to its mildness, this tea is popular during meal times or before going to bed. It is often given to children to drink.
Where To Buy Houjicha
You can buy this tea in any specialty tea shop or through a number of online vendors. If you are unsure where to begin, you can check out some of my recommendations below.
How To Prepare Houjicha
The preparation instructions given here are for loose leaf teas. For tea bags, you can generally just follow the instructions given on the box.
Houjicha is much easier to brew than other green teas, mainly because you don’t need to worry about the correct water temperature; it is made with water that has just begun to boil, so you can easily just use a simple stove-top kettle.
You can brew hoijicha in pretty much anything, though I like to use a traditional kyusu
or a cast iron tetsubin.
- Pour some boiling water into the empty teapot to warm it up. Discard the water and dry the teapot.
- Put one heaping teaspoon of tea leaves into the teapot for each cup you plan to make.
- Pour the exact amount of boiling water into the teapot that you will need to fill the cups. You do not want to leave any water in the teapot after the cups are filled.
- Let the leaves steep for one minute.
- Pour a small amount of tea into the first cup, then pour the same amount into every other cup. Continue filling the cups a little at a time, making sure that each cup contains the same amount of the weaker first pours and the stronger last drops. DO NOT fill one cup completely and then move on to the next cup.
- Continue pouring until the teapot is completely empty. You want the leaves to be as dry as possible to ensure a quality second infusion
- With most types, you will get two or three good infusions. For the second, repeat the steps above. For the third, double the steeping time.
Use the amounts given in these instructions as a rough guide. If you find the resulting tea too weak, add more tea leaves; if it is too strong, reduce the amount of leaves used. Similarly, try increasing or decreasing the steeping times.
Many people already have an account with Amazon.com so it is probably the easiest place to buy tea online. Most of their houjicha is mediocre, but this one from SA Japanese Teas is really good.
Personally, I prefer to buy from specialty tea shops online. The Houjicha Gold from Culinary Teas is the best deal I’ve found online. It costs half as much as the one above, but the quality is slightly lower, too.
More Information About Houjicha
Houjicha looks a lot closer to a black tea than a green tea. But it is made from green tea and it is unoxidized like green tea, so it is classified as such. Mostly it is made from bancha, but sencha and kukicha are also sometimes used.
The reason it looks more like black tea stems from the processing method. For the most part, it is processed the same as other Japanese green teas. This means that it is steamed after picking to stop the oxidation process, then it is dried and crumpled and then shaped.
After shaping is where the processing differs. Houjicha leaves are then roasted, which other Japanese teas are not. Chinese teas are often roasted, but they are roasted immediately after picking to stop oxidiation. As such, the roasting process replaces the steaming in Japanese teas.
Houjicha is still steamed and then additionally roasted after the leaves have already been dried. The loose leaves are roasted in a ceramic pot over a charcoal fire at temperatures of around 200 degrees celcius. After roasting, the y are quickly cooled.
Roasting the leaves at the and of processing like this does several things.
The leaves themselves change color. They go from green to a reddish brown. The same goes for the infusion. While most green teas have a yellowish, greenish color, houjicha brews to a reddish, brown color, similar to a black tea.
Roasting also alters the flavor. It removes most of the astringency of regular green teas, as well as the vegetal flavor. The taste of houjicha lies somewhere between roasted barley and coffee. It has a toasty caramel flavor with hints of chocolate.
The main reason for the loss of astringency is the reduction in catechins brought about by the high temperatures. Roasting also reduces caffeine levels.
Because of the milder flavor and low caffeine content, the Japanese often enjoy houjicha at night before bedtime. It is also commonly enjoyed by the elderly and is given to children or to sick people, because it is nourishing and low in caffeine. It is also a great tea for making iced tea and a good green tea for pregnant women.
The History Of Houjicha
Houjicha originated from Kyo Bancha. Kyo Bancha is a tea made from pruned tea leaves. Tea bushes are machine trimmed to give them a certain shape. The trimmings are basically waste, but those taken from the highest quality bushes, ones used to make matcha and gyokuro, are used to make Kyo Bancha.
The trimmed off tea leaves are processed similar to hoijicha, which is why Kyo Bancha is though to be the origin. They are steamed, dried and then roasted.
Houjicha came into being in 1920. A merchant decided to try and find some use for the leftover leaves, twigs and stems that were usually just disposed of. He tried roasting them over charcoal and his idea worked brilliantly. He had just created the first houjicha.
This happened is Kyoto, but The unique flavor and aroma of this tea was so popular that it quickly spread all over Japan. Today, houjicha is no longer made from waste, but from actual bancha. Sometimes it is even made from the higher quality sencha.